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社会生活正常化:历史转折中的“家庭化”

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英文标题:

Normalization of the Social Life: Analysis of the “familization” at the historical turn (from the late 1970s to early 1980s)

摘要:

“用经济手段解决政治问题/社会问题”,“让家庭为个人承担责任”,这些通常被认为是20世纪80年代以来中国社会稳定发展的有效经验。本研究尝试以历史社会学路径重新解读20世纪70年代末80年代初的社会转折。论文从对参与撬动历史转变的云南知青回城运动的案例解读入手,分析说明社会转折的发生是以当时人们普遍渴望改变生活的共同情绪和诉求行动为背景,以上上下下对共享的社会道德资源的挖掘、动员为重要方式。论文通过对当时政府出台的以家庭为主题的政策群的分析,说明社会转折时期存在一个在上下互动中形成的家庭化运动,从这一现象可以发现社会实现转折的重要机制,但也可以看到隐含于此过程中的需要我们反思的一些问题。

英文摘要:

Since the 1980s, experiences such as “solving political and social issues by economic means” and “families are to be responsible for individuals” have been considered effective in maintaining the stability of the Chinese society.This articles aims to explore the social turn that occurred between the late 1970s and early 1980s from the perspective of historical sociology.Using the historical case of the educated youth returning to the city from Yunnan, the paper argues that the social turn occurred when people suddenly reached a common aspiration to change their lives, during the course of which shared moral resources were widely mobilized.By analyzing the family-orientated policies enacted by the government, this articles explains the existence of an interactive “familization” process, which reveals the important mechanisms that promote social changes, and at the same time unveil important issues worth reflecting upon.

作者:

陈映芳

作者单位: 上海交通大学国际与公共事务学院
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2015.5:164-188
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 历史转折;知青回城运动;政策群;家庭化;社会生活正常化;
英文关键词:
项目基金:

上海师范大学都市文化研究中心的支持,同时受到国家社会科学基金重点项目的资助(项目号14AZD025)

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