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中国城市劳动力市场的双重二元分割——理论模型与实证检验

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英文标题: Dual Binary Labor Market Segmentation in China's Megacities: Theoretical Model and Empirical Test
摘要:

随着市场转型的深入与全球化竞争市场的到来,中国城市劳动力市场的体制分割与市场分割已发生深度融合,一种双重二元的劳动力市场结构已然形成。本文聚焦城市劳动力市场的静态分割与流动不平等议题,基于2019年中国特大城市居民生活状况调查数据,使用潜类别分析法验证了城市劳动力市场双重二元分割理论模型的经验适用性;基于拓扑矩阵的流动表分析,检验了被分割后不同子劳动力市场间职业流动的市场粘性效应、单向体制壁垒效应与单向市场壁垒效应。本文对消除不合理的市场分割与行政限制、健全劳动力要素层面的全国统一大市场具有一定的启示作用。

英文摘要:

With the deepening of the market transformation and the arrival of the global competitive market, the institutional segmentation and market segmentation of China's urban labor market have been deeply integrated, and a dual binary labor market structure has been formed. Focusing on the static segmentation and mobility inequality of the urban labor market, based on the living conditions survey data of Chinese megacities in 2019, this paper verifies the empirical applicability of dual binary segmentation of urban labor market is verified by the method of latent category analysis. Topological matrix-based flow table analysis examines the market stickiness effect, one-way institutional barrier effect and one-way market barrier effect of occupational mobility between different labor markets after segmentation. These findings have implications for eliminating unreasonable market segmentation and administrative restrictions and gradually improving the national unified large market at the level of labor force elements.

作者: 张海东、袁博
作者单位: 上海大学社会学院(张海东);重庆工商大学法学与社会学学院(袁博)
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2024.3:
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 劳动力市场分割;职业流动;潜类别分析;流动表分析
英文关键词:
项目基金:

本文系国家社会科学基金青年项目“新社会阶层的职业流动与政治信任研究”(23CSH081)的阶段性成果。

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