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潜在施助者的社会特征——基于CGSS(2010—2018)的实证研究

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英文标题: Social Characteristics of Potential Favor-Providers: An Empirical Analysis Based on the Data from CGSS (2010 -2018)
摘要:

“关系”及社会资本研究侧重于关系使用者,强调个体动员网络资源所带来的功效,而忽视从施助者视角分析被请托现象及其影响。借助中国综合社会调查数据(2010—2018),文章考察了个体被请托帮忙办事的影响机制与变迁趋势。实证结果表明:首先,人们社会经济地位越高、网络多样性越强,则越可能被其他社会成员请托。其次,相比社会地位稳定者,有过流动经历的个体更可能被请托。最后,被请托利用职务便利帮忙的现象随时代变迁而逐渐减少。

英文摘要:

Prior studies on guanxi or social capital focus on the role of favor-seekers in guanxi, emphasizing the efficacy of their mobilization of network resources, while neglecting the role and impact of favor-providers. With the help of the China General Social Survey data (CGSS, 2010 2018), the paper examines the influential mechanisms and changing trends of individuals becoming favor-providers. The research findings are as follows. First, individuals with the higher socioeconomic status and the more diverse networks, are more likely to be asked for favors by other social members. Second, individuals who have experienced upward/downward social mobility are more likely to be asked for favors than those with stable status. Finally, the phenomenon of being asked to use the convenience of one's position to provide favors decreases over time.

作者:

程诚、袁野

作者单位: 东南大学人文学院(程诚);复旦大学社会学系(袁野)
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2023.3:
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: “关系”;社会地位;社会流动;网络多样性;变迁趋势
英文关键词:
项目基金:

本文得到了东南大学“至善青年学者”支持计划(2242021R40005)、江苏省双创博士人才支持计划(JSSCBS20210065)的支持。

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